A serious complication of the growing pandemic is affecting young children. The symptoms have been related to a rare syndrome with gastrointestinal symptoms, abdominal pain, and cardiac symptoms. With rising numbers in the UK, the Paediatric Intensive Care Society UK (PICS) warns about the signs present in children with COVID-19. Experts say these signs overlap with that of toxic shock syndrome and Kawasaki disease.
At the moment, the current link between the Kawasaki disease and COVID-19 is yet to be uncovered. With the number of cases on the rise around the globe, it brings about an immediate need to combat this at the earliest. Although the CDC states that children affected have mild forms of the disease, this encounter is truly telling us that we need to know more about the disease.
The Kawasaki syndrome
The Kawasaki syndrome/disease is a disease particularly affecting young children below the age of 5, although children of any age are susceptible. This condition leads to the inflammation of blood vessels in the body. Symptoms like rash, swollen lymph nodes, high temperature, reddening of eyes, toes, and fingers, etc., are usually encountered. The NHS terms the condition as mucocutaneous lymph node syndrome.
Kawasaki disease is also one of the leading causes of cardiovascular complications in children in the United States. However, symptoms usually come down with the treatment of the syndrome. The standard treatment protocol includes the administration of immunoglobulins and aspirin in children. NHS also adds that the syndrome is not contagious in children, but if untreated, 25 percent of the children experience future cardiovascular complications. The cause of the disease is still unknown, but experts speculate there may be a genetic predisposition to the disease. It is also said that children of the southeast Asian countries suffer more from the disease.
Currently, we have a poor understanding of the COVID-19 disease itself on children. Therefore, on the first note, we need to understand the disease manifestations in children as a whole. Further studies on it will also help is explain the potential link with the Kawasaki disease.
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