1. It’s not precisely right that the Amazon produces 9% of the entire world’s oxygen.
Even though amazon produces a massive amount of oxygen, trees inhale a little over half the oxygen they provide, and the rest is probably used up by the microbes that live in the Amazon. So the net oxygen effect of the Amazon is actually around zero.
2. The Amazon represents more than half of the Earth’s rainforests.
It’s the world’s largest rainforest, with the Congo Rainforest and the Valdivian Temperate Rainforest coming up next.
3. It is called the world’s largest pharmacy.
Tropical rainforests have been called the ‘world’s largest pharmacy’ because over one-quarter of natural medicines have been discovered there.
4. During the past 40 years, at least 20% of the Amazon rainforest has been cut down.
It is a huge concern as they are major carbon sinks in the world.
5. The name “Amazon” comes from the “Amazons” of Greek mythology, a race of woman warriors.
It is believed that this place is called Amazon because it was one of the few places in ancient times where women fought alongside men in many tribes along this area.
6. The Sahara desert is the main reason for the fertile soil of the Amazon rainforest.
Sand from the Sahara is blown by the wind all the way to the Amazon, recharging its minerals. The desert literally fertilizes the rainforest.
7. Human inhabitants first settled in the Amazon rainforest at least 11,200 years ago.
This is based on archaeological evidence from an excavation at Caverna da Pedra Pintada, Brazil.
8. There are no bridges over the Amazon River.
For most people’s disbelief, it is not due to the rivers’ huge width and engineering difficulties. Actually, a bridge was never needed as people preferred using ferries which were easily available.
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