Egyptian government radio began broadcasting on May 31, 1934. A few days after the 86th anniversary, I am pleased to highlight the media in ancient Egypt in terms of its methods and types.
When the human appeared on the ground, his need to communicate with the other appeared, and the media was a manifestation of this contact. Over time, the media became essential to social, religious, and political life. Through it, the rule of kings and sultans was established, and through it, the others removed.
Ancient Egypt knew the media early on. In addition, if they are not in the current form, their types, methods, and methods known from ancient times. The best evidence for this is the huge news legacy they recorded on the walls of temples, tombs, obelisks, and papyrus, which showed us how political, social, religious, and economic life was during that era of Egypt’s history.
The methods and media of ancient Egypt differed, as well as being local and international, and their attitudes differed between official, independent, and opposition. The official media, Central media, controlled by the king and a few princes and nobles around him, conveyed to the citizens what they wanted to transmit of orders and news. This was evident through the inscriptions on the walls of temples, tombs, and obelisks, through which they made a great aura to the king and his entourage, which made people abide by what came from the king!
This leads us to say that the media exists in ancient Egypt. Religion used as a primary weapon because the ancient Egyptians were religious in nature. Therefore, the media message came with religious means such as temples and cemeteries, which made it a sacred message for those who responded to it. Believing that they are doing this to please the Lord, a message that was mostly orders and instructions that drove citizens towards submission to and submission to the king and priests; He who has a prominent role in the people’s commitment to what the kings called for.
Other types of media appeared in ancient Egypt more than the official media, including independent and opposition media. Independent media emerged clearly through the inscriptions in the tombs of the greats, as well as through the letters and wills carried by the papyri for a number of ministers and wise men, and these inscriptions revolve around some wisdom, morals and religious and worldly advice that citizens must adhere to in order not to make mistakes, They all came in great literary form.
As for the opposition media, it did not have a clear appearance (or at least a complete picture did not appear to us yet), and despite this, we have received some news appearances that indicate the presence of boredom and complacency among citizens towards the arrogant kings; Like this stone painting, which dates back to the second family era and that was smuggled decades ago to the Louvre Museum in France, and it tells us about the huge opposition that was raised against the king “Taklot II”; Who ruled Egypt for ten years and wanted to pass the ruling on to his grandson, “Serkon,” at which point an opposition religious leader named “Hor Sa Isis” appeared; He managed to gather a large number around him through the messages he sent to the people, and a number of citizens rose up with him. Although their end was painful, where the king executed them, abused, and burned their bodies, he could not inherit the ruling as another revolution erupted and removed it.
Another stone plaque gave us an account of how it was the situation of Deir el-Medina workers during the era of the twentieth dynasty, as they suffered from narrowing and despair; this led eight of them to communicate with each other, through a leader called “Hahbi War”, so they met them more than once, encouraging them to take their rights. Although their end was sad, as they were all executed, the process had a major impact on a number of princes who began to remove injustice from the workers so that the tragedy would not recur.
There are also scenes of papyrus that conveyed to us, such as the story that occurred nearly 2400 years ago, when a number of Egyptians opposed to the king “Bismatik 1” and accused him of treason, and declared their disobedience, and their revolution did not calm only by displacing him and his families!
On the other hand, as the story of the eloquent peasant, which we find in a papyrus dating back to the era of Al-Ahnassi during the eleventh dynasty in 2200 BC, and it is still preserved in the British Museum in London until now. It depicts a poor man’s revolt against a greedy civil servant; His belongings stolen during the reign of King Napp-Cao-Ra-Khiti II. The farmer does not return to his home except when his right extracted and increased.
In addition to the local media in ancient Egypt, there was also international media. It passed the Egyptian state until it reached many neighboring countries in the south, east, and west, where it found in Nubia, Ethiopia, Palestine, Syria, Libya, and other countries. Ancient inscriptions carry a lot of news from Egypt during these periods.
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