Wednesday, July 8, 2020

MIT created a tiny brain chip that could bring supercomputers to mobile

MIT researchers have published a research paper describing a new computer chip. This chip is smaller than a piece of confetti and offers substantial performance upgrades! The end result of this chip is that it could create and handle complex AI that is power-efficient and doesn’t need a data center.

The research teams created something called “memristors,” which basically acts as small brain synapses. These are created utilizing silicon while sporting silver and copper alloys inside them.

The end result of the creation of the memristor is a chip that could effectively remember and recall images in great detail. The team’s ultimate goal is to recreate artificial neural networks. The networks that are being used currently but require large amounts of GPU power to run effectively. MIT researchers want to make these connections without using as much power and have the potential of being utilized in small devices like your phone.

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Traditional transistors can only switch between 0 and 1 and are the basis of all computer. These memristors offer more values than this. These extra values help the chip to act more like a brain and can “remember” multiple states to help recreate signals over and over.

Researchers borrowed this concept from metallurgy when the metallurgist wants to change the value of their they will combine it another piece of metal that has the desired properties. The concept from metallurgy was borrowed by researchers for the memristors. The team found an element that could combine with their chip, specifically the silver, that can reliably transfer ions on very small conduction channels.

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The concept is what helped these researchers create these small chips. The concept is still a long way off, but the MIT team behind it states that eventually, this chip can lead to portable, artificial brain computers. These computers being able to do what supercomputers do today, with minimal power and no network required.

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