A new report released by the CDC shows that the death rate is 12 times higher for COVID-19 patients suffering from chronic illnesses such as obesity, diabetes, and high blood. The report details these three issues as the top health problems found in COVID-19 patients. The report was released after studying 1.3 million lab-confirmed cases reported to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention from January 22 until the end of May.
Out of the 1.3 million analyzed cases, only 22 percent had information regarding other health conditions. The report showed that 32 percent had a heart-related disease, 30 percent had diabetes and 18 percent had chronic lung disease, which includes asthma and emphysema, NBC News reports. A total of 14 percent of all patients were hospitalized and about 4 percent have died, according to the CDC data. Half the patients above the age of 80 had at least one chronic illness.
While only 2 percent of non-chronically ill patients died of COVID-19, around 20 percent of patients who had some sort of chronic illness died of COVID-19. Also, only 8 percent of non-chronically ill patients were more likely to be hospitalized, while chronically ill patients were at a 46 percent likelihood. The data proves that patients with one of the aforementioned diseases were at much higher risk than their counterparts.
Race and ethnicity data was only available for half the patients. Around 36 percent were white, 33 percent Hispanic, 22 percent black, 4 percent Asian, and around 1 percent American Indian. Though the data set isn’t complete, it is found that COVID-19 affects people of different races in different proportions.
It was always known that chronic illnesses increase the risk of further complications with COVID-19. A smaller study published in the Journal of the American Medical Association in April also emphasized on this conclusion. That study was conducted with data of over 5,700 hospitalized patients in the New York City area. It also showed that among all patients, around 57 percent had high blood pressure, 41 percent were obese, and over 33 percent had diabetes. Patients who had diabetes also were more likely to require a ventilator.
In an overall conclusion, people with chronic illnesses need to be more careful while social distancing as the country looks to open up. Multiple studies prove that these people are at higher risk for major complications. Now, the CDC report just confirmed the data in a large, undeniable manner.
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