Sunday, July 5, 2020

Astronomers have discovered a brilliant cosmic baby

Recently, a neutron star known as Swift 1818.0-1607 has been discovered, and it is beautiful. A study from the journal Astrophysical Journal Letters states that it is only 240 years old and is considered newborn by the cosmic standards. NASA’s Neil Gehrels Swift Observatory discovered the star on March 12, when it released a massive radio burst of X- rays.

Further studies by European Space Agency’s XMM-Newton observatory and NASA’s NuSTAR telescope, stated more about the neutron’s star characteristics and its estimated age. A neutron star is densely made of stellar material left over after a massive go up supernova and explosion. They are also considered to be the densest object in the universe. Swift 1818.0-1607 is twice the mass of the Sun, but it weighs a trillion times less.

Read Also: This mysterious radio burst in space occurs in a pattern, every 157 days

It has a magnetic field about 1,000 times stronger than any ordinary neutron and is about 100 million times stronger than the strongest magnet made by humans. Swift J1818.0-1607 belongs to a special class of objects called magnetars. Swift J1818.0-1607 is located in the Sagittarius Constellation and is somewhere close to the Earth, only about 16,000 light-years away.

There are many models proposed that state where the physical characteristics of these cosmic entities might change as they grow old and are more active when younger. So finding a younger one might help in elaborating more about these models.

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