Eastern Equine Encephalitis (EEE) is a vector-borne viral disease caused due to the bite of the mosquitoes. Though a rare one, it is one of the dangerous mosquito-borne diseases that causes encephalitis in humans. Horses are susceptible to EEEV infection, and many cases are fatal. Transmission of the virus from horse to human is rare as the horse are the dead-end-hosts. The people who are below 15 and above 50 years are at greatest risk for the disease.
According to the Michigan Department of Health and Human Services (MDHHS), it causes a 33% fatality rate in the US. Recently in the year 2020, they confirmed 22 horses which suffered from EEEV in about 10 countries and a human case from Barry diagnosed with the virus. As the virus is in the near vicinity, the officials urged the people of Bounty, Clare, Ionia, Isabella, Jackson, Kent, Mecosta, Montcalm, Newaygo, and Oakland counties to postpone or cancel any picnic events that happens usually at the dark.
In 2019 in Michigan, six people died, and four of them had taken treatment in the hospital. And most importantly, many people after treatment developed severe neurological symptoms in later life. So people should take care of them and their children and must take the necessary step to prevent the bite of the mosquitoes.
The MDHHS said that they would start aerial treatment in the area where there is the utmost risk of the EEE. Other counties will receive the treatment shortly, depending on the weather conditions. People should cooperate with the health official efficiently to get off the infection in the area.
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Source: THE HILL