Greenhouse gases emitted by human activity contribute significantly to global warming on our planet. With Greenland and Antarctic regions losing ice sheets rapidly, scientists estimate a global increase in sea level by more than 15 inches by 2100.
A recent study conducted by the University of Santiago de Chile found 2020 to be the hottest year in the past three decades in the Antarctic Peninsula.
According to researchers at the Chilean Air Force’s Frei Base on King George Island, temperatures on the peninsula, the northernmost part of the mainland Antarctica, reached between 2 and 3 degrees Celsius between January and August.
“Those temperatures are more than 2 degrees Celsius over typical values,” said climatologist Raul Cordero in a statement released by the Chilean Antarctic Institute (INACH). He added, “In the far northern tip of the Antarctic Peninsula, the average maximum temperature so far this year has been above 0 degrees. This had not happened for 31 years.”
Cordero called the temperature rise alarming, as it could indicate that the ocean warming observed in the area is resuming.
Several countries, including Argentina, Chile, and Britain, have their scientific and military bases in the Antarctic Peninsula.
On the contrary, the Southern Hemisphere winter temperatures registered between August and September reached -16.8 degrees Celsius, the lowest since 1970.
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