Archaeologists… How do they know where to dig?

Archeology is a very important science in introducing us to past civilizations, and through the discoveries of archaeologists that have discovered them, we can learn about many things about those who lived in those places in past eras. However, how do archaeologists know where to dig?

Pottery fractures, bone remains, types of rocks, and soil layers were among the most visible and archaeologists’ evidence that this site contained antiquities. Therefore, archaeologists must have the geological experience that enables them to know the types of stones and soil layers in which they can determine the time to which the discovered artifacts belong.

 Archaeologists must also have good human relationships with the people who live in the areas they want to excavate because people can help scientists in many of their tasks if the relationship between them is good, and they can fail the scientists’ plan if the relationship between them is not good.

The methods of archaeologists have developed in recent periods, in order to carry out excavation and excavation operations, as they used modern technologies, including remote sensing, as this method can detect what is on the ground without uprooting the trees and weeds that cover the site. This becomes even more apparent when scanning with a laser and 3D images.

Using satellite technology, the situation began to further defined, as Google Earth helped reveal the remains of many ancient landmarks that were previously unseen through primitive survey methods.

Thus, archaeologists were able, through modern technology, to reach sites and areas that were not easy to reach in the past. Perhaps these modern methods will provide us with everything new about archeology after it is based on only primitive methods.

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Source: Phys.org

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