An endangered Indian Rhinoceros calf was born last week at Poland’s Wroclaw Zoo. The female calf is said to have reportedly been born on January 6th, is the first Indian rhinoceros birth in its 155-year history. Its parents are 7-year-old mother Maruska and 11-year-old father, Manas. The zoo’s president said that the mom is behaving wonderfully with her calf. He also added that she looks after her daughter, allows her nurse, and takes the most delicate care despite weighing over 2 tonnes. The calf is currently cared for out of public view. Calves born this way are throwing us the light of hope on conserving and saving endangered species in captivity worldwide.
The Indian Rhinoceros
The Indian Rhinoceros or the Greater One-horned Rhinoceros (Rhinoceros unicornis) is species of Rhino belonging to the Indian subcontinent. They were once spread across the entire northern part of the Indian subcontinent from Pakistan to the Indian-Burmese border. Habitat encroachment and poaching almost wiped off the species at the starting of the 20th century. But with awareness and dire conservation efforts, there are at least 3600 individuals in the wild and 170 individuals across 66 zoos worldwide. They can be around 12 feet long and can weigh up to 3 tonnes. They prefer plain alluvial grasslands but can also occur in forests. Their main diet revolves around grass, leaves, fruits, shrubs, and twigs. One of the main characteristics is that these rhinos tend to live long, up to 30-45 years. Their gestation period can last as long as 16 months.
Like all Rhino species, poaching poses a great threat to these giants as well, and therefore a little more awareness among the public will boost the population of these one-horned giants.
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Source: The Washington Post